Cheat Sheet

Here is a short reference of some powerful queries you now have at your fingertips.

Tips

TipUse
CASTChange the data type for different values stored in your database. Airtable Formulas and Lookup Values can be numbers, strings, dates or timestamps. So we store the values as text or text[], respectively. You can use CAST to convert text to INTEGER or DECIMAL or any other PostgreSQL type.
TO_DATE()Change the data type from text to Date so that you can easily play with time.
ARRAY[1]Airtable fields that can contain multiple items (like multi-select, attachments, and lookup) will be stored as arrays in your database. Postgres uses a base-1 index here.
unnest()Use unnest() to put every item in an array onto its own row.
ANYUse ANY when doing JOINs on arrays in PostgreSQL. This is very common when joining two tables that were linked with a lookup field in Airtable.

Examples

To play along with these example, you can setup a Sync Inc database connected to the Airtable Inventory Tracker template.

CAST

Airtable Formulas and Lookup Values can be numbers, strings, dates, or timestamps. So these fields are stored in your Postgres database as text and text[] columns, respectively.

Let's say you want to calculate your total revenue using SQL. Yo do so, you'll sum up the total_price for all the purchase orders. Since total price is a formula in Airtable, we record it as type text in your Sync Inc database. So to calculate your total revenue, you'll need to cast the total_price as an integer:

SELECT sum(purchase_orders.total_price::int) from purchase_orders;

The :: casts the total_price column to an integer to then calculate the sum.

Answer: Total revenue is \$17,280.

JOIN with ANY

A JOIN will let you use your Airtable data in new ways.

For example, let's say you want to use your warehouse space better. It would be helpful to see how many products are on each shelf in your warehouse.

To do so, you can JOIN the warehouse_locations table with the product_inventory table and calculate the total inventory of all the products on each specific shelf:

SELECT
    warehouse_locations.name,
    SUM((product_inventory.units_ordered::INTEGER) - (product_inventory.units_sold::INTEGER)) AS "Inventory"
FROM warehouse_locations JOIN product_inventory
ON product_inventory.id = ANY (warehouse_locations.product_inventory)
GROUP BY warehouse_locations.name
ORDER BY warehouse_locations.name ASC;

Note the use of ANY. When performing the JOIN, there are many products associated with each warehouse location. These values are stored in an array. With ANY, you can JOIN on each value in the array.

Join results

Answer: The results are clear: shelf 3 is doing all the work :)

UNION

You'd like to send your design team all your product images scattered across your product inventory and your purchase orders.

To do so, you need to do a UNION of the product_inventory table and the purchase_orders table:

SELECT product_inventory.images FROM product_inventory
UNION
SELECT purchase_orders.image FROM purchase_orders;
Union results

Answer: Your list of 42 images is ready in 70ms. (Now imagine getting that answer in Airtable...)

Hopefully this cheat sheet of PostgreSQL helps you unlock your data. If not, search on Google - SQL is very well documented - or send us a note in Intercom